Everything you need to know about Rosacea and how to treat it?

What is Rosacea?

Rosacea – A term that you have probably come across or heard about within the skincare world, yet many of us remain confused over what it actually is and how it may differ from other skin conditions. So, what exactly is Rosacea and how may we treat it? As it turns out Rosacea is a very common, albeit frustrating, long-term inflammatory skin condition that causes your skin to appear red and flushed and is often accompanied by small red pus-filled bumps and/or visible tiny broken blood vessels. Rosacea symptoms are usually more present during particular cycles, which causes your skin to flare-up and conditions to be more noticeable, including skin irritation and sensitivity. Although Rosacea can affect the upper body, it is most commonly found on the face, especially the cheeks, nose and forehead, and tends to be more prominent in fairer skin women than any other group.

Sensitive Skin

What are the 4 types of Rosacea?

There are indeed four types of Rosacea that we know about and are mostly characterised by age and gender. It is possible for individuals to have more than one type of Rosacea simultaneously and symptoms can range from mild to severe.

The first type of Rosacea, medically known as Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea (ETR) causes symptoms that are most commonly associated with the skin condition, including facial flushing, redness, skin irritation and broken blood vessels as noted above, as well as skin, feeling dry and rough.

Papulopustular or Acne Rosacea is the second type of Rosacea and as the name suggests, causes red tiny bumps or pus-filled pimples to be present on the face and appears similar to acne, leaving the skin to be on the oilier side. This type of Rosacea is most common amongst middle-aged women.

The third type of Rosacea known as Rhinophyma, for the most part, significantly affects men more than women, particularly between the ages of 50 to 70 years old and is characterised by a large, red nose along with blotchy red thickened skin.

Finally, Ocular Rosacea is the fourth type of Rosacea and specifically targets the eye area, often causing a burning or gritty sensation and primarily affects those aged between 30 and 50 years old. Ocular Rosacea is often accompanied by other eye infections such as conjunctivitis and blepharitis, causing eyes to appear red and swollen, with increased sensitivity to light.

Sensitive Skin

What is the main cause of Rosacea?

Unfortunately, the exact cause of Rosacea is unknown and remains one of skincare’s greatest mysteries. However, recent research has shown that environmental factors such as consuming alcohol, spicy foods, caffeinated hot beverages, food containing cinnamaldehyde such as cinnamon, chocolate, tomatoes and citrus, as well as long exposure to the sun and smoking, can indeed help to accelerate the onset of Rosacea symptoms. Additionally, Rosacea suffers often report that high-intensity workouts can aggravate Rosacea, especially when outside, so it is best to exercise in short bursts instead of opting for long gym sessions.

Likewise, research suggests that genetic factors may play a part, with those with Celtic and Scandinavian origins (think blonde hair, blue eyes and fair skin) are potentially most at risk of developing the skin condition. However, Rosacea, can and does, affect people of all shades. With many skin conditions, stress can also cause flare-ups, which is something to be conscious of and perhaps another reason to consider curling up on the sofa with a good book after a long day at work (if we needed another excuse!)

Hormonal Acne Treatment

How to know if you have rosacea?

As a general rule of thumb, it would be a good idea to visit the GP or a dermatologist if you experience any of the above symptoms. This will allow a health professional to determine whether your insistent blushing and dry skin are rooted in Rosacea or another skin condition entirely.

skin stress and anxiety

What is the most effective treatment for rosacea?

Whilst there is no Rosacea cure, there are many effective treatments to treat and minimalise the condition. Your GP may prescribe you antibiotics and topical creams, especially those with soothing ingredients or azelaic acid that works wonders on the skin, clearing up bumps and redness. Thanks to the advancements in SkinCeuticals, such products are readily available and promise to calm the skin, a perfect solution for those with sensitivity, such as PCA Skin’s Dual Action Redness Relief. Fragrance-free and packed full of powerful ingredients such as the patented Inflacin which helps to reduce inflammation and redness along with Niacinamide that improves the appearance of enlarged pores and skin dullness, this is one of the best products for Rosacea. The product also includes rich ingredients such as Ceramide NP which is essential for moisturising the skin whilst restoring its skin barrier. This product really is a must for any Rosacea skincare routine, leaving your skin feeling supple and less aggravated. These anti-inflammatory fighting ingredients can also be found in PCA Skin’s Retinol Treatment for Sensitive Skin which contains pure retinol to help boost collagen to give that plumped skin look, whilst reducing fine lines and wrinkles. Combined with Inflacin and Niacinamide, this is the perfect night time remedy that helps to eliminate redness and an uneven skin tone that is so prevalent in Rosacea skin, whilst encouraging cell turnover to combat skin aging. This potent Rosacea treatment only needs to be used two nights a week to reap its benefits.

Whilst sun protection is a must for all skin types, it is particularly pertinent for those suffering from Rosacea skin, as the sun can cause flare-ups, leaving you with a red, flushed and irritated face. IS Clinical’s Extreme Protect SPF 30 is the perfect moisturiser for Rosacea, which not only soothes and hydrates the skin with the powerful antioxidants Aloe Leaf Juice and Olive Leaf Extract that are known for their healing properties but offers broad-spectrum UVA/UB protection. With the inclusion of Zinc Oxide and Octinoxate that create physical barriers against UV radiation, this product holds an SPF30 rating, perfect for everyday wear. This Rosacea treatment cream can be used day or night and by targeting both skin repair and nourishment, this moisturiser gives you the ability to relax as your skincare needs are taken care of. Make sure to use Rosacea moisturiser daily to ensure protected and glowing skin.


What should I wash my face with if I have rosacea?

When it comes to cleansers, opt for gentle and soothing formulas that are ideal for sensitive skin such as IS Clinical’s Cream Cleanser. This is one of the best cleansers for Rosacea as you are able to cleanse the face, without causing irritation nor drying out the skin and instead leaves your face feeling silky and smooth. Thanks to the inclusion of the anti-inflammatory sunflower and coconut oil, this cleanser is perfect for those needing both type one and acne Rosacea treatment, as not only does it moisturise and help restore the skin’s barrier, but it contains dirt and oil removing properties, giving the pores a deep cleanse, as well as antifungal and antibacterial agents, helping to keep Rosacea at bay. The added benefits of Squalene and Seaweed Algae Extract likewise are key in rejuvenating the appearance of dull, dry and rough skin into a glowing delight, making this cleanser a staple in Rosacea skincare.

facial Cleansers

Can aloe vera make rosacea worse?

The short answer – Yes! Aloe vera is one of the earth’s super ingredients that contains great moisturising properties, making it the perfect natural rosacea treatment. Many products contain this magical ingredient, including Osmosis Skincare’s Hydrating Firming Gel Mask. This face mask smooths the skin and gives it much needed hydration and firmness. This product is a great addition to treat Rosacea skin and can easily slot into a weekly routine. Did someone say pamper night?!


What vitamins are bad for rosacea?

Whilst too much Vitamin D aka the Sun can worsen the skin condition, the bioflavonoids found in Vitamin C on the other hand, help to counteract skin inflammation, by supporting weakened blood vessels and by protecting the skin against oxidative stress caused by free radicals. This also helps to reduce the appearance of overall skin redness. Therefore, why not try Skin Vit C 60 Capsules, an oral supplement that helps aid against the onset of Rosacea. These capsules are also combined with the much-loved ingredients Acerola Berry and Zinc, which support collagen production and cell renewal, making it a powerful product to fight against environmental factors such as pollution, smoke and UV radiation. All you need to do is take one tablet per day with food, to ensure overall good health and to be on your way to bright glowing skin!

With the best Rosacea treatment that we have to offer, we strongly believe that you will be able to easily input these products into your everyday routine with ease, helping you to be healthy from the inside out. We hope that with these tips and tricks, you will be able to say goodbye to Rosacea skin in no time!

Author: Hermione Mills